Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is an infection of the gum tissue in your mouth. The main cause of the periodontal disease is poor dental hygiene, which causes a hard, sticky layer of bacteria called plaque to form on your teeth.
In an advanced stage, this can lead to painful chewing problems, and even tooth loss. Gum disease is an inflammatory disease of the gums and the periodontal tissue that surrounds the teeth. The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which means inflammation of the gums.
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Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease has a variety of causes. The main causes of gum disease are plaque and tartar, which form when bacteria in the mouth react with mucus and food particles.
Plaque is sticky, and if not removed by regular brushing and cleaning, it can harden and form tartar on your teeth. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and you will need to see a professional dentist remove it.
Treatment and prevention of gum disease
Frequent cleaning and using prescription medications such as chlorhexidine gluconate for mouthwash will help kill bacteria in the mouth.
In some cases, surgery may be needed to stop gum disease from getting worse. If the disease is advanced, surgery will help replace the bone that has been lost due to the disease. It is also important to see your dentist remove plaque and tartar and maintain oral health.